National Citizenship Register is the register of Indian citizens living in the
country. Assam is the only state in India where National Register of
Citizens are being created. Simply put, the NRC is the process in which
efforts are made to mark the foreigners living illegally in the country.
In 1951, the program to run for the purpose of counting the citizens and
their homes was the register of citizen. Then 80 million people were
considered as citizens of Assam. There is also provision in the 1957 Citizen
Act that the Central Government will make the national register of Indian
citizens for it, it is the responsibility of the Central Government to collect
information of every family and person in the country.
Section 14A of the Citizen Act 1955 was amended in 2004, under which it
was mandatory for every citizen to register themselves in the National
Register of Citizen i.e. NRC.
It is necessary to pay attention to the scale of citizenship of Assam to
understand the national citizenship register, which is currently being
discussed in the context of NRC Assam. The scale of citizenship in Assam
is very different from other states of India. This is due to the migration
happening in Assam. The history of migration in Assam is long before
independence. Assam was included in the Bengal Presidency when the
British ruled the British during the British rule. Because of the abundance of
tea plantations in Assam, British officers used to bring cheap labor from
other provinces from 1926 to 1947, because cheap labor in Assam was not
available to work in tea gardens and population in West Bengal, Bihar
Because of the abundance of cheap labor there were available. In Assam,
two major rounds of migrations came in the first phase, during the time of
India’s independence, and Pakistan’s partition, a lot of people from East
Pakistan left the country and the second was in 1971, to break into East
Pakistan, to become Bangladesh After At this time too many Bangladeshi
people entered India illegally to take shelter in India and could not be
Many illegal protests took place in Assam, and many times this
demonstration became violent and this resulted in a great loss of lives and
goods. From 1979 to 1985, the people of Assam opposed this migration. |
This protest was led by All Assam Student Union (ASHU). For this reason,
in the year 1985, the Rajiv Gandhi Government signed the Assam Accord
Agreement with other organizations this morning. This agreement provided
for identifying illegal migrants living in Assam and sending them out of
Assam. This was added to the article in the citizenship act, in which special
provisions were made for Assam.
Under certain provisions, some arrangements have been made to make
illegal citizens of Assam, on this basis NRC is being updated. These
special provisions were as follows-
= 1 January 1966 before every person living in Assam was considered a
citizen of that country.
The foreigners who came to Assam from January 1, 1966 to 25 March
1971 were required to register with the Foreigners Tribunal. They were
given all the rights as citizens but the right to vote was given after 10 years.
Any migrant who came to Assam on or after 25 March 1971 was not given
the right to citizenship. Applicants living in Assam have to prove that they or
their ancestors were citizens of Assam before the date.
On November 17, 1999, the then central government decided to update
NRC under the Assam Accord and its process was also started. For this,
the central government issued a fund of `20 lakhs ₹ 5000 but later this
scheme was put in cold storage.
After this, the then Manmohan Singh government decided that the
grandson should be updated and its process was started. NRC was
updated as a pilot project in 12 districts of Assam and Tea Village as a pilot
project, but then due to the filthy politics, it started appearing against it and
due to the people of the Sudent mindset, the demonstration started
becoming violent. The work to update the moving NCR was stopped. After
this, some organizations filed a PIL in the Supreme Court in 2013 and after
the strict instructions of the Honorable Supreme Court in 2013, updating of
NRC started fast in the direction of the Honorable Supreme Court. The
Assam government said in the Supreme Court in November 2017 that till
December 31, 2017, the NRC will update, later it was demanded more time
and the final was presented in 2018. There are no names of more than 40
lakh people in this draft and most of them are minorities and it can not be
denied that most of them are illegal Bangladeshi who have been given our
Although the Supreme Court has prohibited any kind of power over the
names of the 40 people who are not in the list, and the people have been
given another opportunity to verify their citizenship.
This is the misfortune of our country that in the context of the basic
problems of the country, no political party shows sufficient and willful will,
then our judiciary needs to intervene in this direction because the judiciary
is the patron of our constitution.