F.I.R or First Information Report is first document by Police when they receive information of crime. F.I.R is interpreted under section 154 of Criminal Procedure Code. When a Police Officer is informed about a crime he is informed orally about the crime. Police Office will note down the complain. The Police Officer will then read the F.I.R to complainant. After F.I.R is read to complainant the complainant will sign on F.I.R. At last the complain is noted down in a register issued by Government.
When Police is informed about a crime which is outside of its Jurisdiction the Zero F.I.R is registered. The F.I.R is registered without any number hence it is called Zero F.I.R. After facts are checked and found correct the complain is sent to appropriate Police Station. After F.I.R is sent to appropriate Police Station and it is assigned a number and legal action is taken
If a Police Office is declining to register Zero F.I.R his complain can be filed by informing Higher Police Officials.If complain is found correct appropriate action is taken on Police Officer.
Zero F.I.R can be filed anywhere in India. Suppose a person is living in Uttar Pradesh can file a Zero F.I.R in Madhya Pradesh. Zero F.I.R is filed in cases where complainant has gone far away from place where incident took place. Suppose a passenger is traveling on a train from Mumbai to Calcutta and his luggage is stolen. If the passenger cannot stop anywhere between journey then he file a Zero F.I.R at Calcutta Railway Station. Then statement will be recorded and sent to appropriate Police Station. And then appropriate Legal Actions will be taken.
When a complainant files a complain but he doesn't know where the incident took place a Zero F.I.R is registered.